Tuesday, December 23, 2008
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
The First budget of the Republic Nepal is Passed by the Parliament. Here I am trying to present a brief information about the important features of the budget presented by Finance Minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai.
The Jawaharlal University, New Delhi Graduate Nepal’s first Maoist Finance Minister Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai had read out a more than two hours lengthy “3.5-billion-dollar Fiscal Budget-2008-09”, at the Constituent Assembly-that has been limited so far to act as a legislative body let alone drafting the all important Constitution in a mere one and half years period remaining.
Nevertheless, the Maoists’ highly ambitious budget which has been increased by 39.7 % than the previous year promises to cancel debts of the poor and provide allowances to the so far neglected group and regions in the country and allocates big chunk of budget in Education.
Total Budget: 236 Billion
Regular Expenditure: 128 Billion
Capital Expenditure: 98 billion 310 million
Projected Revenue Sources:
Current Source: 129 Billion
Foreign Assistance: 65 billion
Foreign Loans: 18.07 Billion
Revenue Deficit: 41.11
Budget Allocation (Sector wise)
Education: 38 Billion 980 million (Rupees)
Health: 15 billion 580 million
Women: 32 billion 910 million
Electricity: 12 billion 690 million
Road Infrastructure: 12 billion 910 million
Irrigation: 5 billion 800 million
Agriculture: 5 billion 910 million
Tourism: 97.8 million
“Make our Village Better and Beautiful”
“In clean water lies
"Cooperatives in every village, food storage in every house"
''Know Letters, Be Civilized"
"Slogan of Drinking water: Taps in the Villages".
Price goes up in:
Custom duty and excise duty on alcohol, cigarette, and tobacco have been increased.
Vehicle Import tax has been increased
House/Land registration fee in
Price goes down in:
Import of Vehicle for Disabled people
Women Salary Tax
Import of CFL lamp
Vat in Hydro Electricity
Industrial tax for Industries employing five hundred Nepali workers
Some Salient Features of the Budget
- Monthly Allowance of 500 rupees to people above 60 years belonging to the group of endangered ethnicities, dalits, Single Women and Karnali Zone and others who are above the age of 70
- Monthly Allowance of 1000 rupees for fully handicapped and disabled and 300 rupees for partially handicapped
- Debt waiver up to the principal amount of Rs. 30 thousands, and full interest due and all kinds of penalties on the loan amount of above Rs. 30 thousands up to Rs. 100 thousands.
- Salary Increase of all classes of the government employees by Rs. 2 thousand per month effective from
17 September, 2008
- Movement against corruption control
- Various programs will be carried out to utilize the property of former kings and royal families for the benefit of general public
- The village development grant will be increased ensuring a minimum of Rs. 1.5 million and a maximum of Rs. 3.0 million
- Compensation will be provided to the physically deformed people, and the martyrs of the people's war, people's movement and Madhesh movement
- Production of 10,000 MW hydro powers in the next 10 years
- Tourism Revolution within few years
- Special emphasis will be placed to extend north-south road and railways to accrue due benefit from the rapid economic development of the two big neighbors:
, and India . China
- Ease the supply of petroleum products, the monopoly of Nepal Oil Corporation will be ended momentarily and a Regulatory Agency will be set up
- Provide immediate relief to the affected people from food crisis and to help farmers to increase food production, Rs. 1 billion 225 million has been earmarked
- A High Level Scientific Land Reform Commission will be formed for the abolition of feudal land ownership and production relations
- The load shedding in the industrial corridor will not be ended. To ensure uninterrupted power supply, initiative will be taken to establish a thermal plant on public-private partnership near dry ports in Biratnagar and Birgunj
- Foreign investment will be encouraged for the exploration of minerals where feasibility studies have been already completed. Multinational companies will be invited for the exploration and extraction as well as production of petroleum products.
- The legal provision of not requiring licenses for the production up to 1 MW hydro power projects will be extended up to 3 MW.
- The construction of Upper Tamakoshi- 456 MW, Upper Trishuli A-60 MW, Rahughat– 30 MW and Naumure 245 MW, totaling 791 MW, will be started this year. Likewise, necessary works will be initiated to start the construction of Upper Trishuli 3 B - 40 MW, Tamor-Mewa - 110 MW,
Upper Seti- 127 MW, Dudhkoshi - 300 MW, Tamakoshi 2 and 3 - 500 MW, West Seti- 750 MW, totaling 1827 MW from both the government and private sectors
- A free of cost operation service will be provided through
to prevent heart disease of the children below the age of 15, of the senior citizens above the age of 75, and of all endangered ethnic citizens. Likewise, a free of cost service for the dialysis of kidney will be provided through Martyr Gangalal Heart Center to the endangered ethnic citizens, and to the senior citizens above 75 years of age National Kidney Center
- More than 91 percent people shall have access to primary education in the current Fiscal Year
- Constructing new airports of international and regional level and developing an intensive triangular tourism infrastructure between
Kathmandu, Pokhara and Lumbini thereby causing a tourism revolution in the next couple of years
- The construction of
Kathmandu-Terai Fast Track Roadunder BOOT will be initiated with high priority from this fiscal year
Saturday, October 18, 2008
Sunday, September 7, 2008
Tuesday, August 19, 2008
Saturday, July 26, 2008
The politics has changed its direction since the election of president and vice president. I said it has been changed because the politics took the path of majority and minority breaking the culture of consensus. The purpose of going to the simple majority in spite of two third majorities was to break the politics of consensus. Though Maoist was resisting this provision at first, it could not remain firm in its stand. So the provision of simple majority to elect the top positions of the nation and to form the government was included in the 5th amendment of interim constitution. After that amendment, the Nepali politics headed towards the same way of so called democratic period of 1990 to 2006.
Again the politics of betrayal and disloyalty had started. The three party’s alliance of NC, CPN (UML) and MJAF was formed in the last hour of the election of the president. The coalition became success to elect the president and his vice of their candidates. I have already mentioned my disappointment with the person in the post of vice president. So the first mistake of this coalition was to elect the controversial person in such a position.
Now the coalition is making mistakes by claiming the right to form the government in the name of mathematical majority. Even they are acting as they have forgotten the result of the CA election! The verdict of the people in the election is very clear which is, form the government in the leadership of Maoists with common agreements among all the parties. I think this was the mandate of the Election. But some of the leaders of the three parties’ alliance are claiming for their leadership in the government.
This is the matter of great concern. If such a government formed excluding Maoists, it would be the great mistake in the History and the misfortune for the country. I think it is not easy to run the country excluding Maoists because they will not remain silent. They will be forced to take the offensive actions against such government. That may be in any form. Ultimately, that will invite a different type of conflict which will be very harmful for the peace process and constitution making process. The country will again be the hostage of uncertainty.
Friday, July 25, 2008
Tuesday, July 22, 2008
Dr Yadav, a leader from the southern plains (Maadhes), gained 308 out of 590 votes on Monday’s presidential run-off, while his opponent Ram Raja Prasad Singh got only 282 votes.
The Constituent Assembly (CA) Chairman Kul Bahadur Gurung announced the victory of Yadav at the CA assembly held after the presidential election.