Thursday, January 22, 2009

Barack Obama (aka Barack Hussein Obama, Jr.)

President Barack Obama acted swiftly after his inauguration on Tuesday (January 20th, 2009), suspending all trials at the Guantanamo Bay detention camp for 120 days, and freezing all last-minute legislation—known as "midnight legislation"—passed by former President George W. Bush. Obama also plans to meet with military and economic advisors today (January 21st, 2009) to discuss the $825 billion fiscal stimulus package as well as the Iraq war.

Obama's request on Guantanamo would stop the proceedings for 21 pending cases, including the death penalty case against the five prisoners accused of plotting the September 11th attacks. The president has made it known over the last few months that he intends to shut down the prison camp at Guantanamo, the detention center that was viewed globally as a gross violation of human rights. Plans are also in the works to have American troops withdraw from Iraq over a period of 16 months, and aides say Obama is also considering pulling all troops before the planned date of 2012.

The president's cabinet appointments are also in their last stages of approval through the U.S. Senate today. Officials are set to debate, and most likely approve, Sen. Hillary Clinton as secretary of state, in addition to Janet Napolitano for homeland security secretary; Steven Chu as energy secretary; and Timothy Geithner for treasury secretary.

Biography: Barack Hussein Obama was born Aug. 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. His father, Barack Obama, Sr., was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. He grew up herding goats with his own father, who was a domestic servant to the British. Although reared among Muslims, Obama, Sr., became an atheist at some point.

Obama’s mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in Wichita, Kansas. Her father worked on oil rigs during the Depression. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he signed up for service in World War II and marched across Europe in Patton’s army. Dunham’s mother went to work on a bomber assembly line. After the war, they studied on the G. I. Bill, bought a house through the Federal Housing Program, and moved to Hawaii.

Meantime, Barack’s father had won a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya pursue his dreams in Hawaii. At the time of his birth, Obama’s parents were students at the East–West Center of the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Obama’s parents separated when he was two years old and later divorced. Obama’s father went to Harvard to pursue Ph. D. studies and then returned to Kenya.

His mother married Lolo Soetoro, another East–West Center student from Indonesia. In 1967, the family moved to Jakarta, where Obama’s half-sister Maya Soetoro–Ng was born. Obama attended schools in Jakarta, where classes were taught in the Indonesian language.

Four years later when Barack (commonly known throughout his early years as "Barry") was ten, he returned to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents, Madelyn and Stanley Dunham, and later his mother (who died of ovarian cancer in 1995).

He was enrolled in the fifth grade at the esteemed Punahou Academy, graduating with honors in 1979. He was only one of three black students at the school. This is where Obama first became conscious of racism and what it meant to be an African–American.

In his memoir, Obama described how he struggled to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage. He saw his biological father (who died in a 1982 car accident) only once (in 1971) after his parents divorced. And he admitted using alcohol, marijuana and cocaine during his teenage years.

After high school, Obama studied at Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York, graduating in 1983 with a degree in political science.

After working at Business International Corporation (a company that provided international business information to corporate clients) and NYPIRG, Obama moved to Chicago in 1985. There, he worked as a community organizer with low-income residents in Chicago’s Roseland community and the Altgeld Gardens public housing development on the city’s South Side.


Sunday, January 18, 2009

माओवादी र एकताकेन्द्र-मसाल बीच ऐतिहासिक एकता

  • पार्टी नाम : एकीकृत नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (माओवादी)
  • एक सय बीस सदस्यीय केन्द्रीय समिति

गणतन्त्र नेपालका दुई ठूला क्रान्तिकारी कम्युनिष्ट पार्टीहरूबीच सोमबार एकता भएको छ । दश वर्षे सशस्त्र जनयुद्धको कुशल नेतृत्व गरेको नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी -माओवादी) र राजतन्त्रविरोधी शान्तिपूर्ण संघर्षमा सबै राजनीतिक दलहरूलाई समन्वयकारी भूमिका निर्वाह गर्न सफल भएको नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी -एकताकेन्द्र-मसाल)बीच भएको यो एकताले नेपालमा कम्युनिष्टहरूको एउटै केन्द्र निर्माण गर्ने अभियानको सुरुवात भएको छ । । साथै यो एक्ताले नेपाली नयाँ जनवादी क्रान्तिलाई सफलतासम्म पुर्‍याउन सक्षम हुने विश्वास क्रान्तिकारी कम्युनिष्टहरूले गरेका छन् ।

यो एकताको सन्देश विश्वभरि फैलिएपछि विश्वभरिका क्रान्तिकारीहरूमा नयाँ आशा र उत्साह थपिनेछ । साथै वाम विश्लेषकहरूका अनुसार संशोधनवाद र सुधारवादमार्फत नेपाली कम्युनिष्ट आन्दोलनलाई टुटफुट गरिरहेको साम्राज्यवादको यो एकताबाट निद हराम हुने छ । सिद्धान्त र विचारधारामा समानता भएका सच्चा कम्युनिष्ट पार्टीहरूबीच एकता र ध्रुवीकरण हुनु वर्तमानको अपरिहार्य आवश्यकता पनि हो । यो एकताले विभिन्न समूहमा रहेका सच्चा कम्युनिष्टहरूलाई एउटै साझा केन्द्रमा आउन प्रेरणा मिल्नेछ ।

नेकपा -माओवादी) र नेकपा -एकताकेन्द्र-मसाल)बीच एकता भएपछि अब पार्टीको नाम एकीकृत नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी -माओवादी) भएको छ । र, यो पार्टीको पथप्रदर्शक सिद्धान्त माक्र्सवाद-लेनिनवाद-माओवाद- माओविधारधारा हुने भएको छ । पूर्व नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी -माओवादी)ले संश्लेषण गरेको नेपाली क्रान्तिको विशिष्ट विचार श्रृंखला 'प्रचण्डपथ’ अब पार्टीको आन्तरिक बहसको विषय बनाइने निर्णय यसअघि नै माओवादीले गरिसकेको छ ।

एकीकृत नेकपा (माओवादी)को केन्द्रीय समिति

एकीकृत नेकपा (माओवादी)को नेतृत्वमा पूर्व नेकपा (माओवादी)बाट अध्यक्ष प्रचण्ड, डा.बाबुरा भट्टराई, मोहन वैद्य, रामबहादुर थापा, पोष्टबहादुर बोगटी, सीपी गजुरेल, देव गुरुङ, कृष्णबहादुर महरा, टोपबहादुर रायमाझी, वर्षमान पुन, नन्दकिशोर पुन, चन्द्रप्रसाद खनाल, जनार्दन शर्मा, राम कार्की, गोपाल किराती, हरिबोल गजुरेल, अग्नि सापकोटा, पम्फा भुसाल, हिसिला यमि, हितराज पाण्डे, लेखराज भट्ट, देवेन्द्र पौडेल, खड्गबहादुर विश्वकर्मा, मातृका यादव, हरिभक्त काडेल, धर्मेन्द्र बास्तोला र इन्द्रमोहन सिग्देल हुनुहुन्छ भने पूर्व एकताकेन्द्र-मसालबाट महासचिव प्रकाश, नरबहादुर कर्माचार्य, अमिक शेरचन, स्वनाम, गिरिराजमणि पोखरेल, दिलबहादुर श्रेष्ठ, निनु चापागाईं, भीमप्रसाद गौतम र लीलामणि पोखरेल, घनश्याम शर्मा पौड्याल, विश्वनाथ साह, रामकुमार यादव, दीपबहादुर योन्जन, धर्मचन्द लावती, विश्वभक्त दलाल -आहूति), ईश्वरी भट्टराई, शशी श्रेष्ठ, प्रहृलाद बुढाथोकी, कमानसिंह लामा, डिआर पौडेल, कर्णध्वज केसी, पेशल खतिवडा, राजु खड्का, किसन शर्मा, प्रकाश पोखरेल, अन्जना विशंखे, धावा लामा, जगत कार्की र माधव कोइराला रहनुभएको जनाइएको छ ।

यसैगरी पूर्व नेकपा -माओवादी)ले थप गरेका केन्द्रीय सदस्यहरूमा एन.के. प्रसाई, हर्षबहादुर शाही, जीतवीर लामा, केशव नेपाल, कृष्ण केसी, भीमबहादुर कडायत, सर्वोत्तम डंगोल, टीका हमाल, भरत बम, कृष्णध्वज खड्का, रेखा शर्मा, हिमाल राई, जयपुरी घर्ती, सन्तोष बुढामगर, रामचरण चौधरी, पूर्ण घर्ती, श्रीराम ढकाल, ध्रुव पराजुली, गंगा कार्की, सूर्य सुवेदी, सन्तु दराई, नारायण दाहाल, वामदेव क्षेत्री, अमृता थापामगर, यशोदा सुवेदी, खगराज भट्ट, भक्तबहादुर शाह, चन्द्रहरि सुवेदी, सुरेश आलेमगर, ईश्वरी दाहाल, दिनेश शर्मा, अनिल शर्मा, गंगा श्रेष्ठ, दिलिप प्रजापति, महेश्वर दाहाल, मायाप्रसाद शर्मा, कालीबहादुर मल्ल, दीपेन्द्र पुन, सरला रेग्मी, टेकबहादुर बस्नेत, महेश्वर गहतराज, गणेशमान पुन, कमला रोका, तेजबहादुर वली, कालीबहादुर खाम, झक्कु सुवेदी, जोखबहादुर महरा, धनबहादुर मास्के मगर, रामप्रसाद बन्जाडे, डोरप्रसाद उपाध्याय, उमा भुजेल, हरि अधिकारी, श्रीनाथ अधिकारी, पुष्पविक्रम मल्ल, भक्ति पाण्डे, हितबहादुर तामाङ, कृष्णप्रसाद सापकोटा, कुमार दाहाल, पवनमान श्रेष्ठ, प्रभु साह, कृष्णदेव सिंह, श्रवण यादव, पदम राई, गौरीशंकर खड्का, सावित्रीकुमार कापले, टंकबहादुर आबुहाङ, विकेश श्रेष्ठ, ओनसरी घर्ती रहेका छन् । यसमा अझै थप हुने सम्भावना छ ।

Saturday, January 10, 2009

lets Israel's ongoing military attacks on the people of Gaza.

lets Israel's ongoing military attacks on the people of Gaza.

View the Union's 'End Israeli Occupation' policy

Israeli military forces have killed over 540 Palestinians and injured more than 2,450 in the last ten days. Many civilians have been amongst the dead and wounded, including women and children. Targets have included the Islamic University campus, schools, the United Nations Relief & Works Agency buildings (killing 8 students and wounding 19), many mosques and an ambulance. According to the UN, over 13,000 Palestinians have been forced to flee their homes. 4 Israeli citizens have been killed in the last ten days by rockets fired from Gaza.

The Gazan people were already suffering a crippling humanitarian crisis before Israel’s military offensive began. For more than a year Israel has closed Gaza’s borders, which has prevented food, vital medical supplies and other basic necessities entering Gaza. Since the beginning of Israel’s attack, this crisis has deepened. International aid organisations have been unable to enter Gaza with sufficient medical and food supplies to treat the wounded and feed the starving – threatening the lives of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians.

On New Year’s Eve, Israel defied calls from international leaders, rejecting a proposal from France (as EU President) for a 48 hour ceasefire to allow humanitarian aid to enter Gaza.

Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators around the world have demanded an end to Israel’s violent assault. On 3rd January, 50,000 marched through the streets of London and several hundred gathered outside Sheffield Town Hall.

What can I do?

Join our Campaign

The Students’ Union is working with the Palestine Society, Sheffield Palestine Solidarity Campaign and others to raise awareness of the humanitarian crisis in Gaza and to campaign for Israel to stop its assault. For up to date information of how you can get involved with our campaign and support the people of Palestine please contact or join the facebook group ‘Sheffield Students Against Israel’s Attack on Gaza’


Hundreds of thousands of people have joined demonstrations across the world to make their voices heard. A national demonstration has been called on Saturday, 10th January in London (see below). Sheffield Palestine Solidarity Campaign will be holding a vigil outside the Town Hall every Saturday at 12:00pm until the killing stops. We will tell you about future plans for protests.

Contact your MP

Demand that they push the government and/or their party to clearly condemn the attack on Gaza. Find your MP at

Monitor the media

Newspapers, TV channels and radio stations have given biased accounts of Israel's attack. They have understated the hugely disproportionate nature of the death toll and favoured Israeli spokespeople over Palestinian ones. Phone in to complain or write a letter or email. TV and radio have laws governing balanced reporting, especially the BBC, so they have to take your concern on board.

See the ENGAGE guide for more information on how to do these things and more.